Calendarium 2018

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Calendarium (important anniversaries) 2018

28. 10. 1918 100th anniversary of constitution of independent Czechoslovakia
18. 12. 1918 100th anniversary of uniting of Czech evangelic congregations AC and HC into the Evangelic Church of Czech Brethren

January

5. 1. 1628 John Amos Comenius left his fatherland and came to Polish Leszno
5. 1. 1968 Alexander Dubček elected to be the head of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (the so-called Prague Spring’s beginning)
10. 1. 1158 prince Vladislav II became the second Czech king
15. 1. 2008 † Jan Heller, theologian

February

1. 1. 1618 in Broumov there was in contradiction with the Charter of Rudolph II closed down a Lutheran church – one of causes of the Thirty Years’ War
1. 2. 1918 revolt of navy in Bay of Kotor
3. 2. 1468 † Johannes Gutenberg, inventor of leterpress
25. 2. 1948 communistic putsch (takeover of the power) in Czechoslovakia (“Victorious February”)

March

2. 3. 1458 George of Poděbrady elected as the Czech king
6. 3. 1458 † Friedrich Reiser, German Waldensian and Hussite (burnt to death)
7. 3. 1968 † ThDr. Viktor Hájek, Synodial Senior of ECCB (in 1950–1968)
10. 3. 1948 † Jan Masaryk, Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia, son of T. G. M., diplomat and politician
22. 3. 1808 † Václav Matěj Kramerius, publisher, national revivalist

April

4. 4. 1968 † Martin Luther King, baptist preacher (murdered)
7. 4. 1348 the Charles University of Prague established
13. 4. 1598 French king Henry IV of Navarra permitted in his Edict of Nantes Calvinism in France
20. 4. 1468 † Martin Lupáč, Hussite bishop
22. 4. 1418 Church Council in Constance concluded
25. 4. 1548 members of the Unity of Brethren John Augusta and Jacob Bílek jailed

May

3. 5. 1728 the Daily Watchwords began to be published
4. 5. 1548 the Unity of Brethren expelled from Bohemia (so-called first exile)
7. 5. 1458 George of Poděbrady crowned as the Czech king
20. 5. 1938 Czechoslovak Government declared partial mobilization
22. 5. 1968 † Adolf Novotný, author of Bible Dictionary
23. 5. 1618 3rd Prague Defenestration (beginning of the Thirty Years’ War)
25. 5. 1868 May Laws reduced concordat from 1855

June

4. 6. 1848 Slavic Mass at Horse Market (Slavic Congress in Prague)
7. 6. 1938 † ThDr. Josef Souček, Synodial Senior of ECCB (in 1918–1938)
14. 6. 1798 * František Palacký, Czech politician and historian
20. 6. 1628 last Protestants expelled from Bohemia (only personally free citizens; serves were not allowed to leave by no means!)
21. 6. 1621 the execution of the 27 representatives of the Czech Estate’s revolt at the Old Town Square in Prague

July

1. 7. 1628 Restitution of the Land Order declared for Moravia
6. 7. 1415 Master John Huss burnt to death in Constance
15. 7. 1588 † Jiří Israel, Unity of Brethren bishop for Poland
18. 7. 1658 Leopold I. elected to be Roman Emperor
30. 7. 1718 † William Penn, philanthropist, protector of Quakers and the Unity of Brethren, founder of the American state Pennsylvania
30. 7. 1968 sentences of Milada Horáková and other illegally accused in 1950’s were canceled

August

8. 8. 1488 first Czech printed edition of (the so-called Prague) Bible
10. 8. 1518 Mikuláš Klaudyán, physician in Mladá Boleslav, writer, member of the Unity of Brethren, issued the oldest map of Bohemia
11. 8. 1948 * Jan Palach, Protestant Christian, member of ECCB’s congregation in Libiš near Neratovice
15. 8. 1388 † Vojtěch Raňkův of Ježov, predecessor of the Reformation, besides other things also the rector of Sorbonne in Paris
21. 8. 1968 Czechoslovakia occupied by the Warsaw Pact’s forces

September

3. 9. 1658 † Oliver Cromwell, statesman, leader of the English Revolution
8. 9. 1948 state funeral of the Czechoslovak president Edvard Beneš
9. 9. 1828 * Lev Nikolajevič Tolstoj, Russian writer and philosopher
14. 9.0 258 † Cyprian, bishop, north-African theologian (executed)
17. 9. 1938 † Antonín B. Svojsík, founder of Czech scouting
28. 9. 1978 † John Paul I, pope
30. 9. 1938 Munich Agreement made (i.e. annex of Czech peripheries to Germany)

October

11. 10. 1424 † Jan Žižka of Trocnov and Kalich, brilliant Hussite commander
24. 10. 1648 Peace of Westphalia made, the end of the Thirty Years’ War
25. 10. 1918 † colonel Josef Jiří Švec, legionary in Russia (suicide)
26. 10. 1948 † František Urbánek, Brethren Church preacher
28. 10. 1918 constitution of independent Czechoslovakia
31. 10. 1517 the World Reformation Day (Martin Luther nailed his 95 thesis up to the church’s door at Wittenberg)

November

3. 11. 1918 Virgin Mary Column at Old Town Square in Prague – political symbol of Hapsburg’s absolutism – demolished
8. 11. 1620 White Mountain Battle
17. 11. 1808 † David Zeisberger, Moravian, apostle of Indians
23. 11. 1918 † ThDr. Čeněk Dušek, superintendent HC (in 1910–1918), founder of the Unity of Constance
25. 11. 1888 † Jan Balcar, founder of the Brethren Church
29. 11. 1378 † Charles IV, Czech king, Holy Roman emperor, “Father of Fatherland”

December

1. 12. 1118 † Dětmar of Merseburg, Saxonian bishop and chronicler
9. 12. 1608 * John Milton, English religious poet
10. 12. 1918 noblemen titles canceled in Czechoslovakia
10. 12. 1968 † Karl Barth, theologian, co-founder of the Confessors’ Church in Hitler’s Germany
11. 12. 1528 † Luke of Prague, theologian and important bishop of the Unity of Brethren
18. 12. 1918 uniting of Czech evangelic congregations AC and HC into the Evangelic Church of Czech Brethren