Calendarium 2017

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Calendarium (important anniversaries) 2017

31. 10. 1517 500th anniversary of the day, when Martin Luther nailed his 95 thesis up to the church’s door in Wittenberg (World Reformation Day)

January

6. 1. 1857 * Václav Vančura, first Czech bishop of the Unity of Brethren after J. A. Comenius
7. 1. 1977 Charter ’77 proclaimed
20. 1. 1942 the solution of the “Jewish Issue” debated by the Nazi Germany representatives at Wannsee Conference
23. 1. 1937 † Prof Josef Pekař, Czech historian

February

3. 2. 1947 † ThDr. Josef Lukášek, superintendent and historian
11. 2. 1547 † Jan Roh of Domažlice, Brethren bishop of Lutheran orientation
16. 2. 1497 * Philip Melanchton, theologian, Martin Luther’s successor, the “Teacher of Germany”

March

1. 3. 1457 the Unity of Brethren established in Kunvald
5. 3. 1717 * Jan Theofil Elsner, Reformed preacher in Berlin, titular Brethren senior, author of the Elsner’s Hymnbook
10. 3. 1417 the Charles University accepted the chalice
13. 3. 1977 † Prof PhDr. Jan Patočka, Czech philosopher, Charter ’77’s spokesman (* 1. 6. 1907)
15. 3. 1917 † Dr Heřman of Tardy, High Church Council councilor, historian
24. 3. 1877 † Karel Bedřich Utíkal, first headmaster of the Evangelic Teacher’s School in Čáslav
25. 3. 1927 † Alois Adlof, Czech Brethren Church preacher (i.e. current Brethren Church)
26. 3. 1467 Brethren priests were elected on the Maundy Thursday; this day the Unity of Brethren has detached from Rome and pope

April

12. 4. 1207? † Peter Valdes, a merchant of Lyon following Christ in beggary, the founder of Waldensians
12. 4. 1437 the Compacts of Basel proclaimed in Prague
23. 4. 997 St Adalbertus the Slavnik, second bishop of Prague, martyred

May

10. 5. 1627 the Restitution of the Land Order imposed in Bohemia by the emperor Ferdinand II – the end of the religious liberty
12. 5. 1727 the Statutes of Herrnhut Unity of Brethren confirmed
25. 5. 1577 the Formula of Concord published, i.e. an authoritative statement in some Lutheran Churches
29. 5. 1637 † Georgius Tranoscius, author of Cithara Sanctorum

June

8. 6. 1727 † August Hermann Francke, evangelic pedagogue, theologian
12. 6. 1927 † Karel Farský, modernistic priest, the first patriarch of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church
17. 6. 1722 Herrnhut founded
21. 6. 1621 the execution of the 27 representatives of the Czech Estate’s revolt at the Old Town Square in Prague

July

2. 7. 1917 Battle at Zborov (first important appearance of the Czechoslovak Legions)
6. 7. 1415 Master John Huss burnt to death in Constance
20. 7. 1992 Václav Havel, the president of Czech and Slovak Federative Republic, abdicated
31. 7. 1627 the counter-reformation mandate included in the Restitution of the Land Order

August

4. 8. 1992 † František cardinal Tomášek, archbishop of Prague
11. 8. 1737 † Václav Kleych, editor in Zittau
12. 8. 1927 † Karel Statečný, theologian of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church
13. 8. 1727 the Glorious Eucharist of the renewed Herrnhut Unity of Brethren (Bethesdorf)
20. 8. 1912 † William Booth, the founder of the Salvation Army
22. 8. 1547 the Bloody Congress (execution), the limitation of the Czech Estates

September

1. 9. 1707 Altranstädt Agreement between Swedish king Karl XII and the emperor Joseph I conceding a relative liberty for the Lutherans in Silesia, the building of the “churches of mercy” permitted
4. 9. 1942 St Gorazd II, Orthodox bishop, executed by Nazis (he hid the paratroopers after the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich)
5. 9. 1997 † St Mother Theresa, the missionary of poor people from Calcutta
9. 9. 1437 Jan Roháč of Dubá executed for opposition against Czech king Sigismund of Luxembourg
14. 9. 1937 † Thomas Garrigue Masaryk, Czechoslovak president, philosopher
22. 9. 1467 king George of Poděbrady defeated Crusaders near Nýrsko
23. 9. 1977 † Josef B. Jeschke, Comenius’ Faculty professor

October

11. 10. 1424 † Jan Žižka of Trocnov and Kalich, brilliant Hussite commander
12. 10. 1827 † János Szalatnay, Toleration preacher in Moraveč
30. 10. 1967 protests against switching off the light at university campuses in Prague
31. 10. 1517 the World Reformation Day (Martin Luther nailed his 95 thesis up to the church’s door at Wittenberg)

November

7. 11. 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia
7. 11. 1992 † Alexandr Dubček, Czechoslovak politician
8. 11. 1620 White-Mountain-Battle
10. 11. 1827 † Michal Blažek, superintendent in Jimramov
12. 11. 1917 Russian Orthodox Patriarchy renewed
24. 11. 1942 † Bohumil Kafka, sculptor, author of Žižka’s statue at Vítkov Hill in Prague

December

6. 12. 1837 † Jan Šulek, preacher in Pržno, catechism author
12. 12. 1617 Lutheran church in Hrob destroyed – the impulse for the third Prague defenestration and Thirty Years’ War