The Calendarium 2013

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The Calendarium (some important anniversaries) VERITAS 2013

863 Saints Cyril and Methodius' arrival to Moravia
1613 reissue of the edition of Kralice Bible

January

2. 1. 1783 the first Czech Brethren worship in Prague
4. 1. 1433 arrival of Czech deputies to the Council of Basel
10. 1. 1158 Prince Vladislav II became the second Czech King
15. 1. 2003 † philosopher Milan Machovec

February

1618 Lutheran church in Broumov closed — one reason for the Thirty Year's War
8. 2. 1903 † Karel Eduard of Lány, Protestant parson of Augsburg Confession and superintendent in Černilov near Hradec Králové, founder of Luther's Institute in Hradec Králové
9. 2. 1753 * Václav Matěj Kramerius, writer, journalist and publisher
13. 2. 1883 † Richard Wagner, important German composer and librettist
18. 2. 1923 † due to the assassination Alois Rašín, the first Czechoslovak Finance Minister
20. 2. 1523 * Jan Blahoslav, bishop of the Unity of Brethren, theologian and historian, author of “Czech Grammar”, “Rules of Unity”, “Szamotuly Cantionale” and New Testament in Czech

March

2. 3. 1458 George of Poděbrady elected to be Czech King (“the King of the Dual Folk”)
6. 3. 1583 † Zacharias Ursinus, German Reformed theologian, co-author of the Heidelberg Catechism
10. 3. 1948 † Jan Masaryk, diplomat and politician
20. 3. 1393 † John of Pomuk, vicar-general of Prague archbishop, wrongly identified with John Nepomucene
23. 3.  973 Prague bishopric established

April

1. 4. 1913 MUDr. Rudolf Jedlička found Jedlička Institute for Physically Disabled Young People in Prague at Vyšehrad (his name is in its title since November 1913)
4. 4. 1968 murdered Martin Luther King, Baptist preacher and fighter against race discrimination in the U.S.A.
7. 4. 1348 Charles IV established the University of Prague (current Charles University)
13. 4. 1598 French king Henry IV of Navarre permitted Calvinism in France with the Edict of Nantes
19. 4. 1713 Pragmatic Sanction, decree of Charles VI on the successorship in Hapsburg Empire (it enabled successorship even for daughters if there is no sons)
20. 4. 1913 * Jan Anastáz Opasek, theologian and poet, arch-abbot of the Benedictine monastery in Prague Brevnov

May

3. 5. 1728 Unity of Brethren's Daily Watchwords started to be published every year
7. 5. 1458 ceremonial coronation of George of Poděbrady, the Czech King
13. 5. 1923 † Charlotta Garrigue-Masaryk, wife of the first Czechoslovak president
17. 8. 1903 † Karel Šebor, Czech composer, author of several operas
22. 5. 1813 * Richard Wagner, important German composer and librettist
23. 5. 1618 Third Prague Defenestration — from Prague Castle windows king's governors were thrown down due to their not observance of the Charter of Rudolf II; the beginning of the Thirty Year's War

June

3. 6. 1903 established the Hieronymus's Unity, auxiliary institution of Protestant Churches in the area of contemporary Czech Republic (till now it contributes repairs and upkeeps of Church buildings of the ECCB)
7. 6. 1938 † Josef Souček, the first Synodical Senior of the ECCB
14. 6. 1798 * František Palacký, the “Father of the Nation”, important Czech politician and historian
21. 6. 1621 the execution of the 27 representatives of the Czech Estate’s revolt at the Old Town Square in Prague

July

(5.7.)      in spring 863 apostles Constantinus (Cyril) and Methodius came in Moravia
5. 7. 1903 The corner stone of the Huss’ Monument in Prague was laid. Also Roman Catholic historian Josef Pekař was a member of the commission for its erection.
6. 7. 1415 † Master John Huss in Constance (burnt to death)
11. 7. 1963 † František Bednář, historian, theologian and professor of the Huss' (and Comenius') Evangelic Faculty of Theology in Prague
21. 7. 1773 Pope with his bull dissolved the Society of Jesus (Jesuit Order)
23. 7. 1433 Hussite physician and emissary Paul Craw burnt to death in St Andrews at Scotland

August

11. 8. 1948 * Jan Palach, Protestant, member of the ECCB's congregation in Libiš near Neratovice
13. 8. 1843 * Karel Šebor, Czech composer, author of operas Hussite Bride (the first use of the Hussite chorale in Czech modern music) and Templars in Moravia
17. 8. 1753 * Josef Dobrovský, priest, Jesuit, Czech philologist, founder of Slavonic Studies
23. 8. 1803 * Jan Erazim Vocel, poet, historian, archaeologist, Czech National Revival representative
28. 8. 1843 * August Sedláček, historian, castle and heraldry specialist, genealogist, author of 15-volume study Castles, Manor Houses and Strongholds of the Czech Kingdom

September

4. 9. 1723 Charles IV's coronation to be Czech King
8. 9. 1783 * Nikolai Frederik Severin Grundtvig, Danish protestant preacher, politician and writer

October

21. 10. 1973 † Gustav Adolf Říčan Jr., Protestant preacher, Church and regional historian
26. 10. 1903 Czech Diakonia established
28. 10. 1413 Master John Huss finished his Postilla
28. 10. 1918 the origin of the independent Czechoslovakia
31. 10. 1517 the World Day of the Reformation (Martin Luther nailed his 95 thesis up to the church’s door at Wittenberg this day)

November

4. 11. 1763 * Karel Václav Ignác Thám, Czech National Revival philologist, poet, author of the Czech Language Defense
5. 11. 1953 † Dr Ferdinand Hrejsa, professor of the Huss Evangelic Faculty of Theology, historian
10. 11. 1483 * Dr Martin Luther, theologian, reformer
23. 11. 1918 † Dr Čeněk Dušek, parson, superintendent and founder of the Unity of Constance
30. 11. 1393 † Matěj of Janov, Huss' predecessor, John Milic of Kremsier's pupil

December

11. 12. 1528 † Luke of Prague, theologian and significant bishop of the Unity of Brethren
18. 12. 1863 * František Ferdinand d'Este, successor of the Austrian throne, he intended to eliminate the state dualism
29. 12. 1813 * Karel Sabina, journalist, writer, operas librettist (The Bartered Bride)