The Calendarium 2016

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The Calendarium (some important Anniversaries) 2016

1416 600th anniversary of Hieronymus of Prague’s death at the stake in Constance
1561 450th anniversary of the 2nd Helvetian Confession formulation

January

2. 1. 1936 † Jindřich Vančura, historian, translator of writings of E. Denis
4. 1. 1846 * Jan Karafiát, Reformed parson, author of “The Fireflies”
10. 1. 1896 Reformed Letters by Jan Karafiát issued for the first time
20. 1. 1906 Czech Progress Party (led by TGM) established
22. 1. 1536 Anabaptists in Münster execution
24. 1. 1946 first transport of Sudete-Germans from Czechoslovak Republic dispatched

February

3. 2. 1416 tailor Pierre de Perath burnt to death in Lille (Hussite martyr)
4. 2. 1906 * Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologian
6. 2. 1426 Tábor’s Side Congress in Písek
8. 2. 1606 † Zachariáš Ariston, author of remarks in Kralice Bible
14. 2. 1956 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, where Stalin’s crimes were revealed, started
15. 2. 1976 † Přemysl Pitter, preacher, pedagogue, social worker
18. 2. 1546 † Martin Luther, theologian and reformer
19. 2. 1946 Ecumenical Meeting of Christian Churches in Geneva started
22. 2. 1966 † Stanislav Čapek, parson and senior in Prague
24. 2. 1926 † František Kozák, theologian
25. 2. 1536 † Berchtold Haller, reformer at the city of Bern

March

1. 3. 1516 1st edition of the New Testament in Greek’s printing finished in Basel (edited by Erasmus of Rotterdam)
1. 3. 1756 congregation for Czech exiles established in Berlin-Rixdorf (i.e. current suburb Neukölln)
1. 3. 1946 Václav Vančura elected as the 1st renewed Unity of Brethren’s bishop in Czech Lands, ordained 20. 7. 1946
2. 3. 1791 † John Wesley, founder of the methodism
8. 3. 1596 † Zachariáš Solín, Brethren priest in Kralice, printer of the Kralice Bible
19. 3. 1656 † Georg Calixtus, Lutheran theologian
21. 3. 1556 Thomas Cranmer, English Church Archbishop, burnt to death
29. 3. 1976 trial with Plastic People of the Universe (music group)

April

6. 4. 1966 † Heinrich Emil Brunner, Swiss professor of theology
8. 4. 1556 Jesuits invited to Bohemia (Clementinum College in Prague)
9. 4. 1836 first north-german mission established
26. 4. 1616 J. A. Comenius ordained as priest of the Unity of Brethren
29. 4. 1656 fire in Leszno, Comenius’ library burnt completely

May

10. 5. 1886 * Karl Barth, Swiss and German theologian
14. 5. 1316 * Charles IV, Czech king and Roman Emperor, “the Father of Motherland”
21. 5. 1496 division of Small Side in the Unity of Brethren
22. 5. 1576 “Congregation” of the Unity of Brethren in Mladá Boleslav reopened in presence of 15000 participants
25. 5. 1741 † bishop Daniel Ernst Jablonski, who transferred the old-brethren bishopric to the renewed Unity of Brethren (with the center in Herrnhut)
26. 5. 1876 † František Palacký, historian and politician, “the Father of Nation”
30. 5. 1416 Master Hieronymus of Prague burnt to death in Constance

June

5. 6. 1566 † Václav Solín, Unity of Brethren priest in Třebíč, printer (Samotuły Hymnbook)
16. 6. 1426 Hussites’ victory over the Saxony Army near Ústí upon Elbe
17. 6. 1566 2nd Helvetian Confession (Helvetica posterior) published
21. 6. 1621 the execution of the 27 representatives of the Czech Estate’s revolt at the Old Town Square in Prague
22. 6. 1786 the Bethlehem Chapel in Prague demolished

July

1. 7. 1866 * Václav Flajšhans, philologist, historian, MJH’s writings publisher
5. 7. 1436 Compacts of Basel proclaimed in Jihlava as the land law
6. 7. 1415 † Master John Huss in Constance (burnt to death)
11. 7. 1856 † Josef Kajetán Tyl, writer, dramatist, author of the words of the Czech National Anthem
12. 7. 1536 † Erasmus of Rotterdam, philosopher, theologian, humanist
29. 7. 1856 † Karel Havlíček Borovský, writer, journalist, politician
30. 7. 1976 † Rudolf Bultmann, German new-testament scientist

August

4. 8. 1306 Premyslic Family died out in male line (Venceslas III’s murder)
6. 8. 1946 † Josef Theodor Müller, historian of the Unity of Brethren
5. 8. 1536 John Calvin came in Geneva
10. 8. 1536 * Kaspar Olevianus, Reformed theologian
24. 8. 1566 * Matyáš Borbonius, physician and Post-White-Mountain Period exile
24. 8. 1566 * Abraham Scultetus, Reformed theologian famous for the non-tolerant “purification” of St Vitus Cathedral in Prague
29. 8. 1526 † Louis of Jagiellon, Czech and Hungarian king, near Mohács

September

18. 9. 1961 † Dag Hjalmar Hammarskjöld, diplomat, UN general secretary
25. 9. 1846 * Otakar Červinka, patriotic poet

October

9. 10. 1636 † Karel the Older of Žerotín, politician, patron of the Unity of Brethren
23. 10. 1456 † St John of Capistrano, Franciscan friar, preacher and missionary, opponent of Hussites and papal representative for Bohemia
31. 10. 1517 the World Day of the Reformation (Martin Luther nailed his 95 thesis up to the church’s door at Wittenberg this day

November

11. 11. 1491 * Martin Bucer, reformer of Strasbourg
15. 11. 1816 † Jan František Vavák, Roman Catholic Bible expert
16. 11. 1741 Jesus was proclaimed to be the High Presbyter of the Unity of Brethren
21. 11. 1976 † Otto Rutrle, theologian of the Czechoslovak Hussite Church
29. 11. 1966 † Alice Masaryková, first Czechoslovak president’s daughter, Czechoslovak Red Cross founder

December

17. 12. 1916 Rasputin, Russian friar and mystic murdered, presage of the end of the tsar monarchy in Russia
23. 12. 1466 George of Poděbrady was deprived of the king title by pope
27. 12. 1566 * Ján Jessenius, physician, rector, politician
27. 12. 1846 * Zikmund Winter, writer, historian and teacher